Senin, 27 Mei 2013

Makalah BAHASA INGGRIS WRITING 3 /REPORT TEXT

REPORT TEXT
WRITING 3
Author;
FENNY THRESIA, M.Pd.











GROUP 7
Class : B





1.  KRESNA PANDU WIBOWO     11340041
2.  RAFKHI  AVVIANO                     11340070
3.  PUSPITA FAJERIN                     11340046
4.  SANIDAYA FEBRIANTO           11340076


MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF METRO
TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION PROGRAM
ENGLISH EDUCATION PROGRAM
APRIL 2013





CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

    A.   The Background of the Analysis

In the structure of English writing, we recognize the existence of some kind of writing that narrative, descriptive, recount, discussion and more. Then the paper we also know the type of report writing, report text term is often also known as informational report. Report is a text the which present information about something, as it is. It is as a result of systematic observation and analyzes.


In this occasion our group will explain about how to create or write text report is good and right in making a piece of writing. To be able to assist you in making shaped bouquet report that in making mistakes.


   B.   Purpose
1.    To be able to understand the kind of text that is on the report text.
2.    To be able to know how to create a text report in an essay.
3.    To be able to know the function of making the report text.


CHAPTER II
DISCUSSSION

    A.   DEFINITION OF REPORT TEXT

Definition text report is also almost similar to what is often mentioned in various books of English at secondary level, "Report is a text the which present information about something, as it is. It is as a result of systematic observation and analyzes." [Report is a text that presents information on a case by what it is. This text is the result of systematic observation and analysis.]

Its social purpose is presenting information about something. They generally describe an entire class of things, whether natural or made: mammals, the planets, rocks, plants, countries of region, culture, transportation, and so on. 

Thus, the actual descriptive text of the report and have a fairly clear difference, although both appear to be a "twin brother" though.

In essence, the report usually contains the text that the facts can be proved scientifically.

B.           Generic Structure of Report.

As with descriptive text, text Report also only have two common structures [generic structure], namely:


1.    General Clasification; general statements that describe the subject of a report, description, and classification.
2.    Description: Tells what the phenomenon under discussion; in terms of parts, qualities, habits or behaviors; In this section usually gives the phenomena that occur; both its parts, its properties, habit, or behavior. The point is the translation of scientific classification are presented with.

C.   Language Features
·         Use of general nouns, eg hunting dogs, rather than particular nouns, eg our dog;
·         Use of relating verbs to describe features, eg Molecules are tiny particles;
·         Some use of action verbs when describing behaviour, eg Emus cannot fly;
·         Use of timeless present tense to indicate usualness, eg Tropical cyclones always begin over the sea;
·         Use of technical terms, eg Isobars are lines drawn on a weather map;
·         Use of paragraphs with topic sentences to organise bundles of information; repeated naming of the topic as the beginning focus of the clause.

D.   The structure pattern of reports
As stated, there is no one right way to write a report – it depends on your subject and on the purpose of and audience for the report. What we can say with confidence is that reports are always divided (and often subdivided) into several headed sections (and sub-sections). Here are some common sections that often appear in reports:

·         An abstract (also called executive summary) that very briefly summarises the whole report (and which should therefore be written last).

·         An introduction that describes the purpose of the report, explains why it is necessary and/or useful, and sets out its precise aims and objectives.
·         A literature review that describes current research and thinking on the problem or issue. (This section is often incorporated into the introduction.)

·         A methods (or methodology) section that describes and justifies the methods used to collect data.

·         A results (also called findings) section that simply presents the results of the research (so it may consist mainly of tables, charts, diagrams etc.)

·         A discussion (sometimes called analysis or interpretation) that analyses the results. This is often the most important section of a report.

·         A conclusion that summarises the report, often revisiting the aims and objectives.
·         Recommendations, where the writer uses the results and conclusions of the report to make practical suggestions about the problem or issue being discussed.

·         A bibliography (or reference list).

·         Appendices (Appendix 1, Appendix 2, etc.) where data (e.g. in tables) to which the report refers is ‘stored’.


E.           Generic Structure of Report.

As with descriptive text, text Report also only have two common structures [generic structure], namely:
1.    General Clasification; general statements that describe the subject of a report, description, and classification.

2.    Description: Tells what the phenomenon under discussion; in terms of parts, qualities, habits or behaviors; In this section usually gives the phenomena that occur; both its parts, its properties, habit, or behavior. The point is the translation of scientific classification are presented with.
There is also some information about the generic text structure report, which includes:

F.    Purpose of Report Text
Each paper must have a purpose why the article was written. So is the report text. Some experts say that the purpose of a text report are:
Its social purpose is presenting information about something. They describe an entire Generally class of things, whether natural or made: Mammals, the planets, rocks, plants, countries of region, culture, transportation, and so on.
If concluded, the purpose of the report text is to convey information on the results of observation and systematic analysis. The information described in the report text is usually general in nature, be it natural or buata like mammals, planets, rocks, plants, state, culture, transportation, and so forth.

G.   EXAMPLE;
Japanese tea ceremony
The tea ceremony is called sado traditional Japanese ritual of presenting tea to guests. In ancient times called sado or cha no yu. Tea ceremonies are held outdoors called Nodate.

The tea is prepared specially by those who learn the art of the tea ceremony and enjoyed a bunch of special guests in the room for tea called Chashitsu. The host is also responsible for preparing a pleasant situation for the guests such as choose wall painting (kakejiku), flowers (Chabana), and ceramic bowls to suit the season and guests are invited status.

Tea is not just poured with hot water and drunk, but as an art in its broadest sense. Tea ceremony reflects the host's personality and knowledge that includes, among others, the purpose of life, way of thinking, religion, appreciation tea ceremony utensils and how to put the pieces of art in a tea ceremony room (Chashitsu) and various art knowledge in general is dependent on the flow embraced the tea ceremony.

The art of the tea ceremony requires deepening over the years with the improvement that lasts a lifetime. Formally invited guests for the tea ceremony also had to learn manners, habits, politeness, etiquette of drinking tea and enjoying snacks served.

In general, the tea ceremony using powdered matcha tea is made ​​from finely ground green tea. Using matcha tea ceremony called matchadō, whereas when using a type of sencha green tea called senchadō.

In everyday conversation in Japanese tea ceremony simply referred to as ocha (tea). The term ocha no keiko could mean learning practice serving tea manners or etiquette learning as a guest in the tea ceremony.



REFERENCE
Turmudi, Dedi. (2012). Smart and Skillfull Writer Developing Writing 2 Rivesed Edition. Bandar Lampung. 






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